Svalbard is a group if islands, located in the Arctic Ocean north of mainland Europe. It is about midway between continental Norway and the North Pole.
Svalbard is known for it’s arctic climate and wildlife. It offers a diversity of locations: Glacial ice, mountains, islands, coal mines, research centers, national parks, the abandoned town “Pyramiden” and arctic landscapes with northern lights.
Svalbard is breeding ground for many seabirds, and also features polar bears, reindeer, the Arctic fox, and certain marine mammals.
The climate of Svalbard is dominated by its high latitude, with the average summer temperature at 4 to 6 °C (39 to 43 °F) and January averages at −16 to −12 °C (3 to 10 °F). The warm Atlantic water keeps the surrounding waters open and navigable most of the year.